As part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites Australia, the TWWHA (Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area) is such an important feature of the state’s natural credentials…so it’s worth understanding UNESCO’s history to fully appreciate how special the TWWHA is. Tasmanian Safaris runs day and multi-day tours within this stunning wilderness.
UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) denotes a World Heritage Site is a landmark or area with legal protection by an international convention, which UNESCO administers.
The kernel for the convention stems from 1954 with the Egyptian government’s plans to build the Aswan High Dam to prevent the flooding of a large stretch of the Nile Valley. In 1960, a campaign to save the temples and monuments of Nubia was launched.
The convention guiding the work of the World Heritage Committee was developed from 1965 to1972 culminating in the ‘Convention Concerning the Protection of the World’s Cultural and Natural Heritage.’ On the 16th November 1972, the General Conference of UNESCO adopted the programme. Since then, 193 state parties have ratified the convention, making it one of the most widely recognised international agreements and the world’s most popular cultural programme – and UNESCO World Heritage Sites Australia has a number of recognised sites of stunning natural beauty, Tasmania being the most prized.
Significant cultural and natural sites may be added to the tentative list by a country. Sites can be subsequently placed into a nomination file for evaluation by the International Council on Monuments and Sites and the World Conservation Union. The Committee meets once a year, and each site is evaluated against ten selection criteria – a site must meet at least one to be included on the list.
1. “To represent a masterpiece of human creative genius”
2. “To exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design”
3. “To bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilisation which is living or which has disappeared”
4. “To be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history”
5. “To be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change”
6. “To be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance”
7. “to contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance”
8. “to be outstanding examples representing major stages of earth’s history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features”
9. “to be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals”
10. “to contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation”
The reason that the TWWHA is so special is that it satisfies seven of the ten criteria, those criteria are
Cultural: 3, 4, 6, 7 and Natural: 8, 9, 10.
No site in the world has more and only one other, Mount Tai in China, also has seven.
We can even customise your trip and itinerary – Book with us today to see this natural marvel.
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